Trait scale_info::prelude::fmt::LowerHex

1.0.0 · source · []
pub trait LowerHex {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result<(), Error>;
Expand description

x formatting.

The LowerHex trait should format its output as a number in hexadecimal, with a through f in lower case.

For primitive signed integers (i8 to i128, and isize), negative values are formatted as the two’s complement representation.

The alternate flag, #, adds a 0x in front of the output.

For more information on formatters, see the module-level documentation.


Basic usage with i32:

let x = 42; // 42 is '2a' in hex

assert_eq!(format!("{x:x}"), "2a");
assert_eq!(format!("{x:#x}"), "0x2a");

assert_eq!(format!("{:x}", -16), "fffffff0");

Implementing LowerHex on a type:

use std::fmt;

struct Length(i32);

impl fmt::LowerHex for Length {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter<'_>) -> fmt::Result {
        let val = self.0;

        fmt::LowerHex::fmt(&val, f) // delegate to i32's implementation

let l = Length(9);

assert_eq!(format!("l as hex is: {l:x}"), "l as hex is: 9");

assert_eq!(format!("l as hex is: {l:#010x}"), "l as hex is: 0x00000009");

Required Methods

Formats the value using the given formatter.


Bit-Slice Rendering

This implementation prints the contents of a &BitSlice in one of binary, octal, or hexadecimal. It is important to note that this does not render the raw underlying memory! They render the semantically-ordered contents of the bit-slice as numerals. This distinction matters if you use type parameters that differ from those presumed by your debugger (which is usually <u8, Msb0>).

The output separates the T elements as individual list items, and renders each element as a base- 2, 8, or 16 numeric string. When walking an element, the bits traversed by the bit-slice are considered to be stored in most-significant-bit-first ordering. This means that index [0] is the high bit of the left-most digit, and index [n] is the low bit of the right-most digit, in a given printed word.

In order to render according to expectations of the Arabic numeral system, an element being transcribed is chunked into digits from the least-significant end of its rendered form. This is most noticeable in octal, which will always have a smaller ceiling on the left-most digit in a printed word, while the right-most digit in that word is able to use the full 0 ..= 7 numeral range.

use bitvec::prelude::*;

let data = [
// digits print LTR
// significance is computed RTL
let bits = &data.view_bits::<Msb0>()[6 .. 18];

assert_eq!(format!("{:b}", bits), "[10, 10001101, 01]");
assert_eq!(format!("{:o}", bits), "[2, 215, 1]");
assert_eq!(format!("{:X}", bits), "[2, 8D, 1]");

The {:#} format modifier causes the standard 0b, 0o, or 0x prefix to be applied to each printed word. The other format specifiers are not interpreted by this implementation, and apply to the entire rendered text, not to individual words.