# Struct scale_info::prelude::ops::RangeInclusive

1.26.0 · source · []
pub struct RangeInclusive<Idx> { /* private fields */ }
Expand description

A range bounded inclusively below and above (start..=end).

The RangeInclusive start..=end contains all values with x >= start and x <= end. It is empty unless start <= end.

This iterator is fused, but the specific values of start and end after iteration has finished are unspecified other than that .is_empty() will return true once no more values will be produced.

## Examples

The start..=end syntax is a RangeInclusive:

assert_eq!((3..=5), std::ops::RangeInclusive::new(3, 5));
assert_eq!(3 + 4 + 5, (3..=5).sum());
let arr = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4];
assert_eq!(arr[ ..  ], [0, 1, 2, 3, 4]);
assert_eq!(arr[ .. 3], [0, 1, 2      ]);
assert_eq!(arr[ ..=3], [0, 1, 2, 3   ]);
assert_eq!(arr[1..  ], [   1, 2, 3, 4]);
assert_eq!(arr[1.. 3], [   1, 2      ]);
assert_eq!(arr[1..=3], [   1, 2, 3   ]); // This is a `RangeInclusive`

## Implementations

Creates a new inclusive range. Equivalent to writing start..=end.

##### Examples
use std::ops::RangeInclusive;

assert_eq!(3..=5, RangeInclusive::new(3, 5));

Returns the lower bound of the range (inclusive).

When using an inclusive range for iteration, the values of start() and end() are unspecified after the iteration ended. To determine whether the inclusive range is empty, use the is_empty() method instead of comparing start() > end().

Note: the value returned by this method is unspecified after the range has been iterated to exhaustion.

##### Examples
assert_eq!((3..=5).start(), &3);

Returns the upper bound of the range (inclusive).

When using an inclusive range for iteration, the values of start() and end() are unspecified after the iteration ended. To determine whether the inclusive range is empty, use the is_empty() method instead of comparing start() > end().

Note: the value returned by this method is unspecified after the range has been iterated to exhaustion.

##### Examples
assert_eq!((3..=5).end(), &5);

Destructures the RangeInclusive into (lower bound, upper (inclusive) bound).

Note: the value returned by this method is unspecified after the range has been iterated to exhaustion.

##### Examples
assert_eq!((3..=5).into_inner(), (3, 5));

Returns true if item is contained in the range.

##### Examples
assert!(!(3..=5).contains(&2));
assert!( (3..=5).contains(&3));
assert!( (3..=5).contains(&4));
assert!( (3..=5).contains(&5));
assert!(!(3..=5).contains(&6));

assert!( (3..=3).contains(&3));
assert!(!(3..=2).contains(&3));

assert!( (0.0..=1.0).contains(&1.0));
assert!(!(0.0..=1.0).contains(&f32::NAN));
assert!(!(0.0..=f32::NAN).contains(&0.0));
assert!(!(f32::NAN..=1.0).contains(&1.0));

This method always returns false after iteration has finished:

let mut r = 3..=5;
assert!(r.contains(&3) && r.contains(&5));
for _ in r.by_ref() {}
// Precise field values are unspecified here
assert!(!r.contains(&3) && !r.contains(&5));

Returns true if the range contains no items.

##### Examples
assert!(!(3..=5).is_empty());
assert!(!(3..=3).is_empty());
assert!( (3..=2).is_empty());

The range is empty if either side is incomparable:

assert!(!(3.0..=5.0).is_empty());
assert!( (3.0..=f32::NAN).is_empty());
assert!( (f32::NAN..=5.0).is_empty());

This method returns true after iteration has finished:

let mut r = 3..=5;
for _ in r.by_ref() {}
// Precise field values are unspecified here
assert!(r.is_empty());

## Trait Implementations

The output type of immutable access.

The output type of mutable access.

Immutably indexes into a bit-slice, returning None if self is out of bounds. Read more

Mutably indexes into a bit-slice, returning None if self is out of bounds. Read more

Immutably indexes into a bit-slice without doing any bounds checking. Read more

Mutably indexes into a bit-slice without doing any bounds checking. Read more

Immutably indexes into a bit-slice, panicking if self is out of bounds. Read more

Mutably indexes into a bit-slice, panicking if self is out of bounds. Read more

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Attempt to deserialise the value from input.

Attempt to skip the encoded value from input. Read more

Returns the fixed encoded size of the type. Read more

Deserialize this value from the given Serde deserializer. Read more

Removes and returns an element from the end of the iterator. Read more

Returns the nth element from the end of the iterator. Read more

This is the reverse version of Iterator::try_fold(): it takes elements starting from the back of the iterator. Read more

An iterator method that reduces the iterator’s elements to a single, final value, starting from the back. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_advance_by)

Searches for an element of an iterator from the back that satisfies a predicate. Read more

If possible give a hint of expected size of the encoding. Read more

Convert self to an owned vector.

Convert self to a slice and append it to the destination.

Convert self to a slice and then invoke the given closure with it.

Calculates the encoded size. Read more

Returns the exact length of the iterator. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (exact_size_is_empty)

Returns true if the iterator is empty. Read more

Returns the exact length of the iterator. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (exact_size_is_empty)

Returns true if the iterator is empty. Read more

Returns the exact length of the iterator. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (exact_size_is_empty)

Returns true if the iterator is empty. Read more

Returns the exact length of the iterator. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (exact_size_is_empty)

Returns true if the iterator is empty. Read more

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more

The returned type after indexing.

Performs the indexing (container[index]) operation. Read more

The returned type after indexing.

Performs the indexing (container[index]) operation. Read more

Performs the mutable indexing (container[index]) operation. Read more

Performs the mutable indexing (container[index]) operation. Read more

The type of the elements being iterated over.

Returns the bounds on the remaining length of the iterator. Read more

Returns the nth element of the iterator. Read more

An iterator method that applies a function as long as it returns successfully, producing a single, final value. Read more

Folds every element into an accumulator by applying an operation, returning the final result. Read more

Consumes the iterator, returning the last element. Read more

Returns the minimum element of an iterator. Read more

Returns the maximum element of an iterator. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (is_sorted)

Checks if the elements of this iterator are sorted. Read more

Consumes the iterator, counting the number of iterations and returning it. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_advance_by)

Creates an iterator starting at the same point, but stepping by the given amount at each iteration. Read more

Takes two iterators and creates a new iterator over both in sequence. Read more

‘Zips up’ two iterators into a single iterator of pairs. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_intersperse)

Creates a new iterator which places a copy of separator between adjacent items of the original iterator. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_intersperse)

Creates a new iterator which places an item generated by separator between adjacent items of the original iterator. Read more

Takes a closure and creates an iterator which calls that closure on each element. Read more

Calls a closure on each element of an iterator. Read more

Creates an iterator which uses a closure to determine if an element should be yielded. Read more

Creates an iterator that both filters and maps. Read more

Creates an iterator which gives the current iteration count as well as the next value. Read more

Creates an iterator which can use the peek and peek_mut methods to look at the next element of the iterator without consuming it. See their documentation for more information. Read more

Creates an iterator that skips elements based on a predicate. Read more

Creates an iterator that yields elements based on a predicate. Read more

Creates an iterator that both yields elements based on a predicate and maps. Read more

Creates an iterator that skips the first n elements. Read more

Creates an iterator that yields the first n elements, or fewer if the underlying iterator ends sooner. Read more

An iterator adapter similar to fold that holds internal state and produces a new iterator. Read more

Creates an iterator that works like map, but flattens nested structure. Read more

Creates an iterator that flattens nested structure. Read more

Creates an iterator which ends after the first None. Read more

Does something with each element of an iterator, passing the value on. Read more

Borrows an iterator, rather than consuming it. Read more

Transforms an iterator into a collection. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iterator_try_collect)

Fallibly transforms an iterator into a collection, short circuiting if a failure is encountered. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_collect_into)

Collects all the items from an iterator into a collection. Read more

Consumes an iterator, creating two collections from it. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_partition_in_place)

Reorders the elements of this iterator in-place according to the given predicate, such that all those that return true precede all those that return false. Returns the number of true elements found. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_is_partitioned)

Checks if the elements of this iterator are partitioned according to the given predicate, such that all those that return true precede all those that return false. Read more

An iterator method that applies a fallible function to each item in the iterator, stopping at the first error and returning that error. Read more

Reduces the elements to a single one, by repeatedly applying a reducing operation. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iterator_try_reduce)

Reduces the elements to a single one by repeatedly applying a reducing operation. If the closure returns a failure, the failure is propagated back to the caller immediately. Read more

Tests if every element of the iterator matches a predicate. Read more

Tests if any element of the iterator matches a predicate. Read more

Searches for an element of an iterator that satisfies a predicate. Read more

Applies function to the elements of iterator and returns the first non-none result. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (try_find)

Applies function to the elements of iterator and returns the first true result or the first error. Read more

Searches for an element in an iterator, returning its index. Read more

Searches for an element in an iterator from the right, returning its index. Read more

Returns the element that gives the maximum value from the specified function. Read more

Returns the element that gives the maximum value with respect to the specified comparison function. Read more

Returns the element that gives the minimum value from the specified function. Read more

Returns the element that gives the minimum value with respect to the specified comparison function. Read more

Reverses an iterator’s direction. Read more

Converts an iterator of pairs into a pair of containers. Read more

Creates an iterator which copies all of its elements. Read more

Creates an iterator which clones all of its elements. Read more

Repeats an iterator endlessly. Read more

Sums the elements of an iterator. Read more

Iterates over the entire iterator, multiplying all the elements Read more

Lexicographically compares the elements of this Iterator with those of another. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_order_by)

Lexicographically compares the elements of this Iterator with those of another with respect to the specified comparison function. Read more

Lexicographically compares the elements of this Iterator with those of another. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_order_by)

Lexicographically compares the elements of this Iterator with those of another with respect to the specified comparison function. Read more

Determines if the elements of this Iterator are equal to those of another. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (iter_order_by)

Determines if the elements of this Iterator are equal to those of another with respect to the specified equality function. Read more

Determines if the elements of this Iterator are unequal to those of another. Read more

Determines if the elements of this Iterator are lexicographically less than those of another. Read more

Determines if the elements of this Iterator are lexicographically less or equal to those of another. Read more

Determines if the elements of this Iterator are lexicographically greater than those of another. Read more

Determines if the elements of this Iterator are lexicographically greater than or equal to those of another. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (is_sorted)

Checks if the elements of this iterator are sorted using the given comparator function. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (is_sorted)

Checks if the elements of this iterator are sorted using the given key extraction function. Read more

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

Returns true if item is contained in the range. Read more

Returns true if item is contained in the range. Read more

Serialize this value into the given Serde serializer. Read more

The output type returned by methods.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (slice_index_methods)

Returns a shared reference to the output at this location, if in bounds. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (slice_index_methods)

Returns a mutable reference to the output at this location, if in bounds. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (slice_index_methods)

Returns a shared reference to the output at this location, without performing any bounds checking. Calling this method with an out-of-bounds index or a dangling slice pointer is undefined behavior even if the resulting reference is not used. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (slice_index_methods)

Returns a mutable reference to the output at this location, without performing any bounds checking. Calling this method with an out-of-bounds index or a dangling slice pointer is undefined behavior even if the resulting reference is not used. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (slice_index_methods)

Returns a shared reference to the output at this location, panicking if out of bounds. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (slice_index_methods)

Returns a mutable reference to the output at this location, panicking if out of bounds. Read more

Implements substring slicing with syntax &self[begin ..= end] or &mut self[begin ..= end].

Returns a slice of the given string from the byte range [begin, end]. Equivalent to &self [begin .. end + 1] or &mut self[begin .. end + 1], except if end has the maximum value for usize.

This operation is O(1).

#### Panics

Panics if begin does not point to the starting byte offset of a character (as defined by is_char_boundary), if end does not point to the ending byte offset of a character (end + 1 is either a starting byte offset or equal to len), if begin > end, or if end >= len.

The output type returned by methods.

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (slice_index_methods)

Returns a shared reference to the output at this location, if in bounds. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (slice_index_methods)

Returns a mutable reference to the output at this location, if in bounds. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (slice_index_methods)

Returns a shared reference to the output at this location, without performing any bounds checking. Calling this method with an out-of-bounds index or a dangling slice pointer is undefined behavior even if the resulting reference is not used. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (slice_index_methods)

Returns a mutable reference to the output at this location, without performing any bounds checking. Calling this method with an out-of-bounds index or a dangling slice pointer is undefined behavior even if the resulting reference is not used. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (slice_index_methods)

Returns a shared reference to the output at this location, panicking if out of bounds. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (slice_index_methods)

Returns a mutable reference to the output at this location, panicking if out of bounds. Read more

The type identifying for which type info is provided. Read more

Returns the static type identifier for Self.

## Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Converts self into T using Into<T>. Read more

Decode Self and consume all of the given input data. Read more

Decode Self and consume all of the given input data. Read more

Decode Self with the given maximum recursion depth and advance input by the number of bytes consumed. Read more

Causes self to use its Binary implementation when Debug-formatted. Read more

Causes self to use its Display implementation when Debug-formatted. Read more

Causes self to use its LowerExp implementation when Debug-formatted. Read more

Causes self to use its LowerHex implementation when Debug-formatted. Read more

Causes self to use its Octal implementation when Debug-formatted. Read more

Causes self to use its Pointer implementation when Debug-formatted. Read more

Causes self to use its UpperExp implementation when Debug-formatted. Read more

Causes self to use its UpperHex implementation when Debug-formatted. Read more

Formats each item in a sequence. Read more

Returns the argument unchanged.

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

The type of the elements being iterated over.

Which kind of iterator are we turning this into?

Creates an iterator from a value. Read more

Return an encoding of Self prepended by given slice.

Pipes by value. This is generally the method you want to use. Read more

Borrows self and passes that borrow into the pipe function. Read more

Mutably borrows self and passes that borrow into the pipe function. Read more

Borrows self, then passes self.borrow() into the pipe function. Read more

Mutably borrows self, then passes self.borrow_mut() into the pipe function. Read more

Borrows self, then passes self.as_ref() into the pipe function.

Mutably borrows self, then passes self.as_mut() into the pipe function. Read more

Borrows self, then passes self.deref() into the pipe function.

Mutably borrows self, then passes self.deref_mut() into the pipe function. Read more

Normalizes a range-like type to a canonical half-open Range. Read more

Finds the intersection between two range-likes. The produced Range spans only the elements common to both. Read more

Finds the union between two range-likes. The produced Range spans all elements present in at least one of them. Read more

Calls .tap() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds.

Calls .tap_mut() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds. Read more

Calls .tap_borrow() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds. Read more

Calls .tap_borrow_mut() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds. Read more

Calls .tap_ref() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds. Read more

Calls .tap_ref_mut() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds. Read more

Calls .tap_deref() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds. Read more

Calls .tap_deref_mut() only in debug builds, and is erased in release builds. Read more

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (toowned_clone_into)

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more

Attempts to convert self into T using TryInto<T>. Read more

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.