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// Copyright 2018-2021 Parity Technologies (UK) Ltd.
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
//     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.

use super::KeyPtr;

/// This constant is used by some types to make sure that cleaning up
/// behind them won't become way too expensive. Since we are missing
/// Substrate's storage bulk removal feature we cannot do better than
/// this at the moment.
/// The number is arbitrarily chosen. Might need adjustments later.
pub const FOOTPRINT_CLEANUP_THRESHOLD: u64 = 32;

/// Types that can be default initialized to some area of the contract storage.
pub trait SpreadAllocate: SpreadLayout {
    /// Default initializes the implementing type using spread layout.
    ///
    /// # Note
    ///
    /// - The key pointer denotes the position in contract storage where
    ///   the instance is being allocated at.
    /// - Fields of `Self` are allocated in order and construct `Self` upon
    ///   completion.
    fn allocate_spread(ptr: &mut KeyPtr) -> Self;
}

/// Types that can be stored to and loaded from the contract storage.
pub trait SpreadLayout {
    /// The footprint of the type.
    ///
    /// This is the number of adjunctive cells the type requires in order to
    /// be stored in the contract storage with spread layout.
    ///
    /// # Examples
    ///
    /// An instance of type `i32` requires one storage cell, so its footprint is 1.
    /// An instance of type `(i32, i32)` requires 2 storage cells since a
    /// tuple or any other combined data structure always associates disjunctive
    /// cells for its sub types. The same applies to arrays, e.g. `[i32; 5]`
    /// has a footprint of 5.
    const FOOTPRINT: u64;

    /// Indicates whether a type requires deep clean-up of its state meaning that
    /// a clean-up routine has to decode an entity into an instance in order to
    /// eventually recurse upon its tear-down.
    /// This is not required for the majority of primitive data types such as `i32`,
    /// however types such as `storage::Box` that might want to forward the clean-up
    /// procedure to their inner `T` require a deep clean-up.
    ///
    /// # Note
    ///
    /// The default is set to `true` in order to have correctness by default since
    /// no type invariants break if a deep clean-up is performed on a type that does
    /// not need it but performing a shallow clean-up for a type that requires a
    /// deep clean-up would break invariants.
    /// This is solely a setting to improve performance upon clean-up for some types.
    const REQUIRES_DEEP_CLEAN_UP: bool = true;

    /// Pulls an instance of `Self` from the contract storage.
    ///
    /// The key pointer denotes the position where the instance is being pulled
    /// from within the contract storage
    ///
    /// # Note
    ///
    /// This method of pulling is depth-first: Sub-types are pulled first and
    /// construct the super-type through this procedure.
    fn pull_spread(ptr: &mut KeyPtr) -> Self;

    /// Pushes an instance of `Self` to the contract storage.
    ///
    /// - Tries to spread `Self` to as many storage cells as possible.
    /// - The key pointer denotes the position where the instance is being pushed
    /// to the contract storage.
    ///
    /// # Note
    ///
    /// This method of pushing is depth-first: Sub-types are pushed before
    /// their parent or super type.
    fn push_spread(&self, ptr: &mut KeyPtr);

    /// Clears an instance of `Self` from the contract storage.
    ///
    /// - Tries to clean `Self` from contract storage as if `self` was stored
    ///   in it using spread layout.
    /// - The key pointer denotes the position where the instance is being cleared
    ///   from the contract storage.
    ///
    /// # Note
    ///
    /// This method of clearing is depth-first: Sub-types are cleared before
    /// their parent or super type.
    fn clear_spread(&self, ptr: &mut KeyPtr);
}