Chain Selection Subsystem

This subsystem implements the necessary metadata for the implementation of the chain selection portion of the protocol.

The subsystem wraps a database component which maintains a view of the unfinalized chain and records the properties of each block: whether the block is viable, whether it is stagnant, and whether it is reverted. It should also maintain an updated set of active leaves in accordance with this view, which should be cheap to query. Leaves are ordered descending first by weight and then by block number.

This subsystem needs to update its information on the unfinalized chain:

  • On every leaf-activated signal
  • On every block-finalized signal
  • On every ChainSelectionMessage::Approve
  • On every ChainSelectionMessage::RevertBlocks
  • Periodically, to detect stagnation.

Simple implementations of these updates do O(n_unfinalized_blocks) disk operations. If the amount of unfinalized blocks is relatively small, the updates should not take very much time. However, in cases where there are hundreds or thousands of unfinalized blocks the naive implementations of these update algorithms would have to be replaced with more sophisticated versions.


Determine all new blocks implicitly referenced by any new active leaves and add them to the view. Update the set of viable leaves accordingly. The weights of imported blocks can be determined by the ChainApiMessage::BlockWeight.


Delete data for all orphaned chains and update all metadata descending from the new finalized block accordingly, along with the set of viable leaves. Note that finalizing a reverted or stagnant block means that the descendants of those blocks may lose that status because the definitions of those properties don't include the finalized chain. Update the set of viable leaves accordingly.


Update the approval status of the referenced block. If the block was stagnant and thus non-viable and is now viable, then the metadata of all of its descendants needs to be updated as well, as they may no longer be stagnant either. Update the set of viable leaves accordingly.


Gets all leaves of the chain, i.e. block hashes that are suitable to build upon and have no suitable children. Supplies the leaves in descending order by score.


If the required block is unknown or not viable, then return None. Iterate over all leaves in order of descending weight, returning the first leaf containing the required block in its chain, and None otherwise.


This message indicates that a dispute has concluded against a parachain block candidate. The message passes along a vector containing the block number and block hash of each block where the disputed candidate was included. The passed blocks will be marked as reverted, and their descendants will be marked as non-viable.


Detect stagnant blocks and apply the stagnant definition to all descendants. Update the set of viable leaves accordingly.